[Articles] Wohnen und Selbständigkeit. Institutionelle Unterstützung prekärer Übergänge ins Erwachsenenalter.

Verschiedene Studien aus dem Ausland zeigen, dass Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene, die aus Institutionen der Jugendhilfe oder Pflegefamilien in die Selbstständigkeit entlassen werden (Care Leavers), ein erhöhtes Risiko haben, mit Problemen wie bspw. Arbeitslosigkeit, sozialer Isolation oder Obdachlosigkeit konfrontiert zu werden (bspw. Stein 2012; Stein/Munro 2008). Dies kann u. a. darauf zurückgeführt werden, dass Care Leavers früher Verantwortung für sich selber übernehmen müssen als Jugendliche, die bei ihren Eltern aufwachsen, und der Übergang ins Erwachsenenalter somit rascher erfolgt (Stein 2012). In der Schweiz gibt es bislang kaum Studien zu den Lebensverläufen von ehemaligen Klientinnen und Klienten der stationären Jugendhilfe (Gabriel/Stohler 2008,2012). Die Befunde der wenigen vorliegenden Untersuchungen (Böhlen 1983; Tanner 1992; Stohler 2005; Crain 2012, Schaffner/Rein 2013) ergeben in Bezug auf die gesellschaftliche Integration der Care Leavers kein einheitliches Bild: Es gibt sowohl gut integrierte als auch von Armut und sozialer Isolation betroffene ehemalige Klientinnen und Klienten der Jugendhilfe.

Basierend auf einer Befragung von ehemaligen Bewohnerinnen und Bewohnern einer betreuten Wohngruppe (Stohler et al. 2012) wird im vorliegenden Artikel der Fokus auf das Thema Wohnen gerichtet.

Author(s): Renate Stohler, Milena Gehrig

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Young people transitioning from out of home care and youth justice. Exploring the experiences of “Dual Order” Care leavers in Victoria, Australia

This exploratory research examined the state care, education, youth justice and post-care experiences of 15 care leavers who were also involved in the youth justice system in Victoria, Australia. In-depth audiotaped interviews were conducted and later thematically analysed. Access to affordable housing and substance abuse treatment, and a meaningful relationship with at least one supportive adult characterised the lives of young people who had reduced or ceased their offending behaviour. Areas for future intervention and research are identified, including working with families, supporting education retention, and the need for better supported transitions from state care.

Author(s): Susan Baidawi, Philip Mendes, Pamela Snow

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Employment, education and housing outcomes for care leavers from a children’s village in Ghana.

Each year several young people in Ghana make a transition from residential care to adulthood. However, little is known about the adult lives of care leavers in Ghana. Using a qualitative research design, the study explored the effect of care and leaving care support on the adult outcomes for care leavers from a private residential home in Ghana. The findings show that while aspects of the support provided in care and leaving care positively impact the outcomes of young adults, there are areas where support is needed. Recommendations are made in the study for improving support for young people leaving care.

Author(s): Kwabena Frimpong-Manso

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Young People’s Experience of Participation When Exiting out of Care.

The aim of this paper is to focus on young people’s experiences of participation during the process of transition from placements in out-of-home care independent life. 65 young care leavers were interviewed, 14 boys and 51 girls between 18 and 26 years old. Results show that those who were invited to participate in the planning of their care leaving experienced a more positive and successful transition from care to adulthood. When administrative regulations guided the care leaving process, young people felt excluded and out of control, and their transition became a more negative experience.

Author(s): Ingrid Höjer, Yvonne Sjöblom

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Strukturelle Rahmung der Statuspassage. Leaving Care in der Schweiz. Sondierung in einem unübersichtlichen Feld.

In Bezug auf die Lebenslage Leaving Care liefern internationale Forschungsergebnisse wichtige Impulse für die Schweiz, können dabei aber nicht einfach «importiert» werden. Stattdessen gilt es, die strukturellen Rahmungen der Übergänge von Care Leavern in der Schweiz in Untersuchungen zu berücksichtigen. Ausgehend davon wird im vorliegenden Beitrag die strukturelle Seite der Übergänge von Care Leavern in der Schweiz skizziert und der Frage nachgegangen, was daraus für die weitere Diskussion und Beforschung der Thematik in der Schweiz abgeleitet werden kann.

Author(s): Dorothee Schaffner, Angela Rein

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Notes] Mit Case Management den Übergang in die Berufsbildung bewältigen.

Das CM Berufsbildung setzt am Übergang von der obligatorischen Schule in die Berufsbildung bzw. die Arbeitswelt an. Diese Passagen – so zeigen die überdurchschnittlichen Arbeitslosen- und Sozialhilfequoten von Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen – sind mit erhöhten Risiken der sozialen Desintegration verbunden (Krummenacher 2009, S. 10; BFS 2010, S. 10). Insbesondere Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit Mehrfachbelastungen in verschiedenen Lebensbereichen sind gefährdet, an diesen Übergängen zu scheitern.

Im vorliegenden Artikel wird anhand ausgewählter Evaluationsresultate auf die mehrfachproblematischen Situationen der Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen, das Unterstützungsnetz der involvierten (institutionellen) Akteure und die Herausforderung des Erreichens der anvisierten Klientel eingegangen. Davon ausgehend werden die Bedeutung, geeignete Form und Wirkung der CM-Begleitung diskutiert.

Author(s): Barbara Erzinger, Dieter Haller, Oliver Hümbelin

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Jeunes adultes à l’aide sociale. Processus de problématisation, réponses politiques et enjeux d’intervention.

En Suisse, dès le milieu des années 2000, les «jeunes adultes à l’aide sociale » émergent dans certains discours comme nouvelle catégorie de l’action sociale. Leur situation questionne la capacité intégrative de la société et semble poser un défi majeur aux actrices et acteurs notamment politiqueset de l’action sociale en charge de favoriser leur insertion socioprofessionnelle.

Sur la base d’une recherche menée dans trois cantons romands, cet article analyse comment les pouvoirs publics des cantons de Vaud et Fribourg ont considéré ce phénomène et ont élaboré des réponses sociopo- litiques et institutionnelles distinctes. L’analyse des arguments mobilisés pour légitimer ces options soulève plusieurs enjeux en termes d’accompagnement de ce public.

Author(s): Caroline Reynaud, Dunya Acklin

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Youth coping with unemployment. The role of social support.

There is little doubt that unemployment has a number of negative consequences for those who are in such a situation of exclusion from the labor market. Beingdeprivedofapaidjobentailsariskofsocialexclusionand isolation, Paugam (2009) uses the concept of “social disqualification” to label this phenomenon, but potentially also has a number of negativeconsequences on the personal life and well-being of unemployed people. This is especially true when unemployment is sustained over time. The classical study by Jahoda et al. (1933) for example, showed how long-term unemployment upset the whole life of the people who remain outside of the labor market for a long period of time. Among the difficulties they face is the lack of a daily routine or time structure.

This paper deals with the negative consequences of long-term unemployment on youth. More specifically, we examine how different forms of social support may help youth cope, in their everyday life, with the absence of employment. In particular, we deal with two aspects of their psychological well-being: the degree of anxiety they face and their level of happiness. Moreover, we do not only include different forms of social support: sociability, practical help, and financial help, but also three providers of support: the partner, the family, and friends. We propose to study the effects of different forms and providers of social support for the youngsters who are coping with long-term unemployment.

Author(s): Jasmine Lorenzini, Marco Giugni

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] Access to employment for children of immigrants. An exploratory review of several explanatory factors.

This paper analyses the situation of the “second generation” of immigrants on the labour market and the main factors that influence their professional careers. We define the second generation as the children of immigrants who were born in their countries of residence or who have had most of theirschooling in those countries (Bolzman, Fibbi, Vial, 2003). The question of integration into the labour market of the “second generation” has long been a concern in North America and in Europe. However, as indicated by an OECD report (Liebig & Widmaier, 2009), labour market integration of the children of immigrants is an area in which knowledge is gradually evolving internationally, but is still underdeveloped.

Author(s): Claudio Bolzman

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →

[Articles] A capability approach to public policies for marginalized youth. The case for FORJAD in the canton of Vaud.

Since the mid-eighties, social policies have increasingly being turned into re-commodification tools, i. e. their main objective is no more to compensate for income loss, but to promote quick and possibly long-lasting reintegration into the labour market. This evolution has coincided with the emergence of various activation requirements imposed on recipients, upon which entitlement to benefits are often made conditional (esp. in unemployment insurance and social assistance programmes). In this context, activation is frequently identified with compliance with the expectations defined by officers of the public administration. Thereby, it is claimed that activation can take place without, or even against, the beneficiaries’ consent. In other words, the prevailing view of activation or empowerment is implemented in a top-down way, and this applies especially to the most disadvantaged beneficiaries, who are also those submitted to the strongest requirements or sanctions.

By contrast, the capability approach (henceforward CA) insists that genuine empowerment cannot be achieved if the empowered, i. e. the activated person is not willingly participating to the process.

Developed by Amartya Sen, the CA relies on the distinction between functionings, i. e. what a person actually is or does, and capabilities, i. e. what a person could be or could do. In this framework, the enhancement of individual capabilities requires both empowerment (i. e. being adequately equipped in terms of capacity to act) and free participation: if the former is missing, the individual recipient’s freedom remains formal (in the Marxian sense); if the latter is not guaranteed, then empowerment boils down to paternalism.

Author(s): Jean-Michel Bovin, Maël Dif-Pradalier

For Full-Text PDF Click Here

Continue Reading →